Water use is a key component in any type of energy production from to wind, coal, solar or natural gas. The fluid used in hydraulic fracturing operations is 99.5 percent water and sand. On average a well requires around 4 million gallons of fresh water to complete the drilling process.
Comparing water consumption
How much is 4 million gallons?
The average well operation uses around four million gallons of water from start to finish. To put this into perspective the following infographics composed by Energy In Depth and State Impact shows what other industries can do with four million gallons of fresh water.
Residential Swimming Pools
In the U.S. alone there are approximately 10.4 million residential swimming pools. The average pool contains 19,000 gallons of water. When left uncovered pool water evaporates at a rate of around 1,000 gallons per month. Over the course of the year, the average pool loses over 30,000 gallons of water. So, in total residential pools alone account for 509.6 million gallons of water.